Out of about 35 Turkic languages, Turkish is by far the most common - having over 70 million native speakers. It is an Ural-Altaic language that originated in the Middle East and spread through eastern Europe. Turkish is related to both Hungarian and Finnish; however, Turkish only began using the Latin script at the beginning of the 20th century, previously Arabic script was used. The vast majority of speakers live in Turkey, but there are minority populations of Turkish speakers in neighboring countries, such as Greece, Macedonia, Northern Cyprus and Bulgaria.
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